Skip to main content

How Many Clubs Are in a Golf Bag?

If you’re a beginner, you’ve probably wondered how many clubs are in a golf bag. How many clubs will you need to buy? And, which ones are essential versus which ones are ‘nice to haves’. In this blog post, we will take a look at the origins of golf clubs, their purpose, the different types you can use and the ideal number of clubs to keep in your own bag.

The Origins of Golf Clubs


Golf clubs, as we know them today, have evolved significantly since their ancient origins. The earliest clubs were made from wood and used in Scotland during the 15th century. These clubs, known as “featheries,” featured a leather-wrapped ball stuffed with feathers and were used to play a game like golf, but not quite like the game we know and love today. As the game spread throughout the world, so did advancements in club technology.

Types of Golf Clubs

Over the years, golf clubs have been categorised into different types, each designed for specific shots and distances. Let’s take a closer look at the main types of clubs found in a golfer’s bag:


Traditionally made of wood (though now mostly made of metal), these clubs are designed for long-distance shots off the tee. The driver, 3-wood, and 5-wood are common examples.


Versatile clubs used for a wide range of distances. Lower-numbered irons, like 3-iron and 4-iron, are used for longer shots, while higher-numbered irons, like 8-iron and 9-iron, are used for shorter approach shots.


Specialised clubs designed for shots around the green and out of tricky situations. Common wedges include the pitching wedge, sand wedge, and lob wedge.


A blend of wood and iron characteristics, hybrids offer forgiveness and distance. They are particularly useful for shots from difficult lies.


Essential for precision on the green, putters have a flat face and are used to roll the ball into the hole.

How Many Clubs Are In A Golf Bag: The Rulebook on Golf Clubs

As the game of golf modernised, regulating bodies like the United States Golf Association (USGA) and the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews (R&A) established rules regarding golf equipment. According to the rules of golf, a golfer is allowed to carry up to 14 clubs in their bag during a round.

How Many Clubs Are In A Golf Bag: The 14-Club Limit

You might be wondering why there is a limit to the number of clubs a golfer can carry in their bag. The 14-club limit was introduced to add an element of challenge and strategy to the game. By restricting the number of clubs, golfers must carefully consider which clubs to include in their bag, emphasising the importance of shot selection and adaptability on the course.

How Many Clubs Are In A Golf Bag: Selecting the Right Combination

Choosing the right combination of clubs is crucial to a golfer’s success on the course. Golfers often tailor their club selection based on their playing style, skill level, and the specific course they are playing. A typical set of 14 clubs might include:

The longest club in the bag, used for tee shots on par 4s and par 5s.

Fairway Woods
A combination of fairway woods, like 3-wood and 5-wood, for long shots from the fairway or rough.

Replacing long irons, hybrids offer easier-to-hit alternatives for shots from the fairway or rough.

A selection of irons to cover various distances for approach shots.

Including a pitching wedge, sand wedge, and possibly a lob wedge for shots around the green.

The trusty putter for precision on the putting surface.

How Many Clubs Are In A Golf Bag: Customising the Club Composition

Golfers have the flexibility to customise their club composition according to their strengths and weaknesses. For instance, some players might prefer to carry an additional wedge, like a gap wedge, to fill the distance between their pitching wedge and sand wedge. Others might choose to carry an extra fairway wood or a specific iron to suit their playing style.

Considerations for Beginners

For beginners, the plethora of club options can be overwhelming. As a general rule, novice golfers are advised to focus on mastering a few clubs rather than carrying a full set of 14. A well-rounded selection might include a driver, a fairway wood or hybrid, a few irons (e.g., 5-iron, 7-iron, and 9-iron), a pitching wedge, and a putter.

The Evolution of Golf Clubs

Golf club technology has come a long way since the days of featheries. Manufacturers continually innovate and refine club designs, materials, and technologies to enhance performance and suit the needs of golfers at all skill levels. At London Golf Performance Academy, we offer custom fittings for many of our golfers, further improving the way they play by tweaking their golf clubs to specifically suit their needs.

The Future of Golf Clubs

As technology advances, it’s exciting to envision what the future holds for golf clubs. Perhaps we’ll see even more sophisticated materials, like carbon nanotubes – much like you see in high-end bikes – in club construction, leading to lighter yet stronger clubs. Additionally, club designs may become more customisable, allowing golfers to adjust club head weights or face angles to optimise their shots.

Golf Club Maintenance and Care

As golf clubs are essential tools for the game, it’s crucial to take care of them properly to ensure optimal performance and longevity. Regular maintenance includes cleaning the clubheads after each round, inspecting and replacing worn grips, and checking for any damage or signs of wear. Keeping the clubs clean and in good condition allows them to perform at their best and ensures a golfer gets the most out of their investment.

The Psychological Aspect of Club Selection

Beyond the technical and strategic considerations of club selection, there is also a psychological aspect to it. Confidence plays a significant role in golf, and having trust in the clubs one carries can boost a player’s morale. Knowing that a particular club consistently performs well for certain shots can help a golfer feel more at ease and focused during a round.

Matching Clubs to Skill Level

While the 14-club limit applies to all golfers, it’s essential to match the clubs to your skill level. For example, high-handicap players might benefit from clubs with a larger sweet spot and more forgiveness to help mitigate mishits. On the other hand, low-handicap players might prioritise clubs that offer more control and workability to shape shots as needed. If you’re ever wondering what clubs would work in your bag, simply ask one of us at London Golf Performance Academy and we’d be more than happy to advise.

Golf Club Fitting

Golf club fitting is a valuable service offered by many golf retailers and professionals. During a fitting session, a golfer’s swing is analysed, and various club specifications, such as shaft flex, length, and lie angle, are adjusted to suit the player’s unique swing characteristics. Custom-fitted clubs can significantly improve a golfer’s performance by optimising launch conditions and ball flight.

The Debate on Long Putters and Belly Putters

In recent years, there has been a debate surrounding the use of long putters and belly putters. These putters are longer than traditional putters and are anchored to the body in some way. Some argue that anchoring the putter provides an unfair advantage, making it easier to maintain stability during the stroke. As a result, golf’s governing bodies have implemented rules to restrict the use of anchored putters in official competitions.

The Evolution of Putter Designs

Putter designs have evolved tremendously, reflecting the pursuit of improved putting performance. Mallet putters with elaborate weighting and alignment aids have become popular among golfers looking for enhanced forgiveness and accuracy. Meanwhile, blade putters maintain a classic appeal and are favoured by those seeking a more traditional look and feel.

The Impact of Golf Club Technology on the Game

Advancements in golf club technology have transformed the way the sport is played. Modern materials and design innovations have led to clubs that are more forgiving, easier to hit, and capable of achieving longer distances. Some critics argue that such technology may diminish the skill required to play the game, reducing the challenges faced by golfers on the course.

The Role of Golf Coaches in Club Selection

Golf coaches play a vital role in guiding players through the process of selecting the right clubs for their game. At LGPA, we can assess a golfer’s strengths and weaknesses, analyse their swing mechanics, and provide valuable insights into which clubs might best suit their needs. We can also offer advice on how to build a cohesive set of clubs that complement each other well.


The number of clubs in a golf bag is not a mere technicality; it’s an integral aspect of the game that influences strategy, performance, and enjoyment on the course. From the ancient featheries of Scotland to the modern marvels of club technology, golf clubs have come a long way in their evolution. With the 14-club limit as a guide, golfers can customise their bags to match their playing style and skill level. The art of club selection and customisation will continue to evolve, adding yet another layer of fascination to the wonderful game of golf. As technology, design, and customisation options expand, the world of golf clubs will continue to inspire players, driving them to improve their game. We can’t wait to see where the future takes us.